Sysadmins are pretty much powerful in the SQL Server environment. They can put the whole SQL Server infrastructure under their control. That said, it is important to know who else has this fixed server role.
Here’s a quick query that you can run to find out the users with
sysadmin fixed server role. Sysadmins have a complete control of your server. So, it is very important to know who these people are.
Just to give you an example on why it is very important to check who’s who in your server from time to time, Team Shatter has recently published an advisory on Privilege Escalation Via Internal SQL Injection In RESTORE DATABASE Command.
According to the advisory, there is a vulnerability in the
RESTORE DATABASE command that allows malicious users to run SQL codes via internal sql injection. This vulnerability can be exploited by users with
CREATE DATABASE permission.
A rogue user can find his way to taking control over your databases by using a backdoor such as the vulnerability described above. Imagine the same user was able to add himself to a server-wide role such as the
Find Sysadmins with TSQL Query
So, going back to the query, here is what it looks like:
USE master GO SELECT p.name AS [loginname] , p.type , p.type_desc , p.is_disabled, CONVERT(VARCHAR(10),p.create_date ,101) AS [created], CONVERT(VARCHAR(10),p.modify_date , 101) AS [update] FROM sys.server_principals p JOIN sys.syslogins s ON p.sid = s.sid WHERE p.type_desc IN ('SQL_LOGIN', 'WINDOWS_LOGIN', 'WINDOWS_GROUP') -- Logins that are not process logins AND p.name NOT LIKE '##%' -- Logins that are sysadmins AND s.sysadmin = 1 GO
And that query should give us something like this:
Find Sysadmins with System Stored Procedure
There is a quicker way to do that, though. You’ll achieve a similar result by executing the system stored procedure
EXEC sp_helpsrvrolemember 'sysadmin'
And, you’ll get a result that looks like this:
Of course, you can use any of the other server roles with
sp_helpsrvrolemember as parameters. For example, if you want to look for users with the database creator role, you use the variable
'dbcreator' instead of
Server roles are listed somewhere in one of the system tables in the
master database. But there’s already a system stored procedure for that as well –
sp_helpsrvrole. You don’t have to dig in and search for them yourself. SQL Server gives you most of the stored procedures you’ll likely need out of the box.
Executing that will give you the following list:
Update from the comments:
Here’s a good one from Eric Russell (see comment below): to return what accounts are members of a domain group, we do this:
xp_logininfo 'DEVCOMPUTER\SQLAdmins', 'members';
SQLAdmins is a domain group
And, it does exactly what it is meant to do – returns the members of the group like this: